CBG, also known as cannabigerol, has been used by humans for thousands of years. It is a lesser-known cannabinoid found in both cannabis and hemp plants. While THC and CBD tend to steal the spotlight when it comes to cannabinoids, CBG shouldn’t be overlooked. This powerful compound offers its own unique medicinal benefits that are worthy of recognition.
To fully understand CBG and its effects, it’s important to have a basic understanding of the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This complex system plays a crucial role in maintaining balance within the body and is responsible for regulating many essential bodily functions. Let’s dive deeper into what CBG is and how it interacts with the ECS to produce potential medicinal benefits.
CBG was first discovered in 1964 by Israeli scientists. It is often referred to as the “mother of all cannabinoids” or “parent cannabinoid because it is the precursor to other major cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. CBG is produced in both cannabis and hemp plants through a process called biosynthesis. To get a little technical, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) is the acidic form of CBG. It’s the chemical precursor for THCA and CBDA, which are the acids that evolve into THC and CBD. These compounds evolve into a usable form when heated by fire (when smoking a bowl or joint, for example) or when turned into vapor.
The main receptors in the brain and body’s endocannabinoid system (i.e., the components of our brain and body which respond to cannabis) are the CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBG has been shown to partially interact, or agonize, weakly with both receptors. THC also partially agonizes the CB1 receptor, and this is what gets you high. CBG’s effects on CB1 are WAY too weak, and it’s possible that it could also neutralize the effects of THC as well on the same receptor.
The Medicinal Potential of CBG
CBG is non-intoxicating, meaning it does not produce a “high” like THC does. This makes it a desirable option for those seeking medicinal benefits without the psychoactive effects. Research has shown that CBG can bind to both CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system, similar to how CBD works. This interaction can have potential medicinal benefits, such as reducing inflammation and pain, promoting relaxation and sleep, and even potentially inhibiting the growth of cancer cells. Additionally, CBG has been found to counteract the effects of THC, potentially helping to reduce anxiety and paranoia that can be caused by high levels of THC.
Methods of Consumption for CBG
There are a variety of methods for consuming both CBG. To experience the effects of CBG, smoking dried flowers or resin are not the only options. CBG can also be consumed through edibles, tinctures, capsules, powder, and topical creams.
Here are several methods of consuming CBG, including:
- Smoking: The traditional way of consuming CBG is by smoking dried flowers or resin. This method produces a fast onset of effects but can be harsh on the lungs and throat.
- Edibles: CBG can also be consumed through edibles, such as brownies, cookies, and gummies.
- Tinctures: CBG tinctures are liquid extracts placed under the tongue or mixed into food or drinks. This method produces a fast onset of effects and allows for more precise dosing.
- Topicals: CBG topicals are creams, balms, and salves applied directly to the skin. This method is helpful for localized pain and inflammation.
- Vaping: CBG can also be consumed by vaping, which involves inhaling a vaporized oil or liquid. This method produces a fast onset of effects but can harm the lungs.
- Suppositories: CBG can be used in a suppository. A suppository is another way to deliver a drug. It’s a small, round or cone-shaped object that you put in your body, often into your bottom. Once it’s inside, it melts or dissolves and releases its medication.